There are lots of contraception options for you. Remember: using a condom is the only protection against STIs including HIV.
Here is a quick guide for you:
Timing sexual intercourse so you don’t get pregnant without the use of any form of contraception.
This includes male condoms, female condoms, caps and diaphragms. However, these rely on you using it properly and that they don’t split during use.
Short acting hormonal contraception
These include the pill, patches and vaginal rings.
Long acting reversible contraception (LARCS)
These include Depo injection, Implant and coils. They are the most effective form of contraception.
- Depo The contraceptive injection contains progestogen.
- Implant A small flexible rod. Inserted under the skin on the inner side of the upper arm using local anaesthetic.
- Intrauterine hormonal coil (IUS) small plastic T-shaped device inserted inside the womb, through the opening of the cervix.
- Intruterine Copper Coil (IUD) A small plastic and copper device, inserted inside the womb through the opening of the cervix.
These are PERMANENT methods of contraception.
Emergency contraception “the morning after pill”
These are for when you haven’t used contraception or your usual method of contraception has failed. Please DO NOT rely on these as a regular form of contraception as they are NOT effective as a form of contraception. The sooner you use emergency contraception after having unprotected sex, the more effective it is.
There are two types of emergency contraception.
- the emergency contraceptive pill (morning after pill) – there are two brands, Levonelle or ellaOne
- the intrauterine device (IUD or coil)
If you need emergency contraception see our Emergency Contraception Services page.
If you have been trying to have a baby naturally with regular unprotected sex for over a year, contact your GP. If you have not been trying for long, see our “Planning your pregnancy” maternity page for advice on maximising your chances of getting pregnant. However, if you are over 35 years or had previous gynaecological problems seek help sooner.
Here are some helpful websites: